What are the Different Types of Eczema?
Eczema (eczema Malaysia in general) is a common skin condition marked by itchy and inflamed patches of skin. Medically known as atopic dermatitis, eczema is often found on the face, wrists, and the inner surfaces of the elbows and knees which may cause the skin to thicken.
While it’s a chronic (long-term) condition that causes itchiness, eczema isn’t contagious so you don’t have to keep your distance from people who have eczema (eczema Malaysia in general). Although the exact cause of eczema is still unknown, it is likely caused by both genetic and environmental triggers.
That said, all types of eczema share some common symptoms such as dry, scaly skin, redness, and itchiness. In this article, we discuss the seven different types of eczema along with each of its set of causes and symptoms (eczema Malaysia in general).
#1 Atopic dermatitis
This is the most common type of eczema which usually develops in a person during their childhood. It either gets milder or goes away by adulthood. Skin specialists would typically consider atopic dermatitis to be part of the atopic triad, which is a combination of three diseases. The other two diseases are asthma and hay fever.
Atopic dermatitis occurs when your skin’s natural barrier is weakened, causing your skin to be inflamed by irritants and allergens. It is likely caused by a combination of factors such as genes, dry skin, immune system problems and environmental triggers.
Among the symptoms of atopic dermatitis are:
- Frequent rash in the creases of your elbows or knees
- Lightened, darkened or thickened skin in areas where the rash appears
- Small bumps that leak fluid if you scratch them
- Frequent rash on scalp and cheeks especially among babies
- Skin infection caused by scratching
#2 Contact Dermatitis
As the name suggests, contact dermatitis is caused by a reaction to substances you touch. There are two types – allergic contact dermatitis (immune system reacts to irritants) and irritant contact dermatitis (chemical or other substance that irritates your skin).
Contact dermatitis occurs when you come into contact with a substance that irritates your skin or causes an allergic reaction. This includes detergents, bleach, jewellery, latex, nickel, paint, poison ivy and other poisonous plants, skincare products, soaps and perfumes, solvents, and tobacco smoke.
Among the symptoms of contact dermatitis are:
- Itchy, inflamed skin which may burn or sting upon contact
- The appearance of hives on your skin
- Formation of fluid-filled blisters
- Thickened, scaly or leathery skin
#3 Dyshidrotic eczema
This type of eczema causes small blisters to form on your hands and feet. It’s more common in women than men. It can be caused by allergies, damp hands and feet, exposure to substances like nickel, cobalt, or chromium salt, and stress.
The symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema include:
- Fluid-filled blisters on your fingers, toes, palms, and soles of the feet
- Itchy or painful blisters
- Scaly, cracked skin
#4 Hand eczema
Eczema that occurs on the hands is known as hand eczema. It usually affects people who work as a hairdresser or cleaner where regular use of chemicals can irritate the skin on their hands.
The symptoms of hand eczema (hand eczema Malaysia in general) include:
- Inflamed skin
- Itchiness and dryness
- Cracks or blisters on the hand
This type of eczema is similar to atopic dermatitis as it causes thick, scaly patches to form on your skin. It usually occurs in people who have other types of eczema or psoriasis and stress can be a trigger.
The symptoms of neurodermatitis include:
- Thick, scaly patches on your arms, legs, back of neck, scalp, bottoms of your feet, backs of your hands, or genitals
- Itchy patches when you’re relaxed or asleep
- Bleeding patches when you scratch them
#6 Nummular eczema
Nummular eczema causes round, coin-shaped spots to form on your skin. It looks very different from other types of eczema and can be very itchy. This eczema can be triggered by a reaction to an insect bite or an allergic reaction to metals or chemicals. Dry skin can also trigger nummular eczema.
The symptoms of nummular eczema (nummular eczema Malaysia) include the appearance of round, coin-shaped spots on your skin, which may itch or become scaly.
#7 Stasis dermatitis
Stasis dermatitis occurs when fluid leaks out of weakened veins into your skin, causing your skin to be swollen, red, itchy, and painful. It usually happens in people with blood flow problem in their lower legs. If the valves that push blood up through your legs toward your heart malfunction, blood can pool in your legs and cause it to swell.
Among the symptoms of stasis dermatitis are:
- Swollen lower leg, especially during the day when you’ve been walking
- Heavy or aching legs
- Formation of varicose veins
- Dry, itchy skin over varicose veins
- Open sores on your lower legs and top of your feet
As most eczema comes and goes, you can take measures to reduce your symptoms or consult a skin specialist to identify the cause of your eczema. That way, you can avoid substances that may trigger your eczema (eczema Malaysia).
Looking to treat your eczema? Choose a safe and licensed skin specialist at LiV Clinic
Our dermatologists will advise you on your bathing and moisturising routine as well as prescribe medications based on your type of eczema. Book an appointment now at https://www.livskinspecialist.my/ when it comes to eczema Malaysia.